Following the birth of the Republic in 1912, the first Scout Troop was organized in Wuchang on February 25th of the same year in Mainland China. The movement spread rapidly all over the country. The General Association was formally established in Nanking in 1934 and became a member of the International Scout Conference in 1937.
The registered membership reached 570,000 in 1974. However, all Scouting activities were interrupted in 1949 when the Chinese communists took over the Mainland China. The Association was reorganized in 1950 in Taiwan, and resumed its membership of International Scout Conference. Since then Scouting has regained its momentum and became more active than ever before. Scouting membership reached 60,000 in 2000.